Tag Archives: registrar

Registry, registrar, registrant: The big domain glossary part 3

Which institutions, services and people are involved in domain registration and who is responsible for each task? At which point can a new domain be officially bought? These questions are answered in part 3 of the big domain glossary.

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Category: Net World
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The Backup Plan Your Domain Can’t Live Without

The Backup Plan Your Domain Can’t Live Without

Domain owners have enough to think about without worrying about the back-end operation of their online property. After all, that is someone else’s business, right? In fact, it is. It’s the business of a domain registry (which is different from a registrar like 1&1).

But, what would happen if a domain registry goes bankrupt? Should the owner of a top-level domain then fear for their website address? Don’t worry: The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which is responsible for the assignment of names and addresses on the Internet, has an emergency plan up its sleeve for such cases.

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Category: Net Culture
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1&1’s History as a Domain Registrar

Domain names are an important aspect of generating brand awareness on the Web. As an official registrar for top-level domains (TLDs) and a recognized partner of ICANN, VeriSign, Afilias, and more, 1&1 currently maintains over 11 million domains for business and private customers worldwide. Since buying into the highly respected Internet provider Schlund+Partner in 1998, domains have been an essential part of 1&1’s initiative to provide customers with any resource necessary to help them create their place on the Internet. Take a look at this timeline to see how 1&1 became one of the world’s leading domain registrars.

1999 – 1&1 introduced Puretec, Europe’s first affordable and reliable Web hosting product, which allowed customers on a budget to purchase domains at a reasonable price. Later that year, a 1&1 customer registered the millionth .de domain.

2001 – United Internet, 1&1’s parent company, acquired a 41% stake in SEDO, a leading European domain exchange. Also in this year, 1&1 began pre-registration for .INFO and .BIZ domains.

2002 – Always at the forefront of encouraging early adoption of new technologies, in 2002 1&1 offered free registration packages for the new .INFO and .BIZ domains.

2004 – After beginning operations in the US in late 2003, 1&1 added the .US domain as part of its permanent domain offering. .NAME was also added to 1&1’s portfolio of domain choices shortly after second-level registrations became available for the TLD.

2005 – 1&1 began accepting pre-registrations for .EU domains with great success across all European markets. By the time .EU registrations were publically available in real-time, 1&1 had recorded nearly 400,000 pre-orders for .EU domains.

2006 – Pre-registration became available in 2006 for .MOBI domains through 1&1. .MOBI was the first domain that addressed the need to deliver customized information to mobile devices.

2009 – In this year, a partnership with Sedo allowed 1&1 to further enhance the overview of domain options available to buyers. More specifically, the service allows users to browse an expanded selection of domain possibilities from unregistered names to already registered domains for sale with a set price.

2010 – In celebration of the 25th anniversary of the .COM domain, 1&1 was honored as a top registrar and leading player in the domain industry. Shortly afterwards, 1&1 became one of only 11 key registrars worldwide to offer the new .CO domain. Discounted domain bundles also became available in 2010 to help prevent the misuse of domains. Having multiple similar Web addresses can help fight against cybersquatting and other brand-damaging threats to online reputation.

2013 – In anticipation of the new gTLDs arriving this year, 1&1 became one of the first registrars to offer free, no obligation pre-reservation. Businesses interested in staying ahead of the competition can sign-up to stay fully informed about nTLD news and build a wish list from over 500 new top-level domains at http://www.1and1.com/ntld-check.

Photo Credit: Maksim Kabakou– Fotolia.com

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Category: Inside 1&1
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How the Domain Name System Works

If you’ve ever set up a website, you should be at least slightly familiar with the Domain Name System (DNS). We’ve discussed elements about domain names, such as www.1and1.com, in the past. DNS is the system that converts a domain name into an IP address, which allows computers to identify other computers and servers on the internet. An IP address is a numerical label assigned to any device attached to the network. So in other words, the DNS allows you to use the easy-to-remember domain name of a website instead of its actual address on the internet, and it figures out the rest. This process is referred to as DNS name resolution.

Domain Name Elements

To explain the specific elements of a domain name, we will use www.1and1.com as an example. As you may know, the last portion of this name – .com – represents the generic top-level domain (gTLD). Currently, some of the most common gTLDs are .com, .net, .org, etc. But as we have announced earlier this month, there will be many, many more gTLDs available later this year.

Underneath the top-level portion of the domain name, the next level down in our example is “1and1”. This refers to the specific organization of 1and1 below the .com gTLD. Sometimes, websites can have a hierarchy of sub-domains even below that, such as the Online Success Center’s sub-domain name of blog-network.1and1.com/blog-us. In that example, “success” is a sub-domain of “1and1”. The last element of a domain name (the one that is listed first, such as “www”) is the host name. This host name is a label assigned to any device connected to the network for identification.

Registering the Domain

As you can tell, the domain name process can be very complicated. Luckily, when it comes to registering a domain name there are registrars that have authority to register your domain name of choice for you. By using an official registrar, such as 1&1 Internet, the first thing you should do is check if your desired domain name is available. The registrar should display which gTLDs the domain name is available under, and provide you the option to register the name under one or more of them (.com, .org, .co, etc.).

Once you have registered your domain name, you should direct the registrar to point that name to the IP address where your website is hosted. To make this easier, you can also host your domain within the registrar’s own DNS configuration.


This is of course just a simplified overview of how the domain name system works, but hopefully it helps in your understanding of what your domain name actually means, and what happens “behind the scenes” when you visit a website. For more information, check out 1&1’s Help Center on this same topic.

Photo Credit: ©iStockphoto.com/henrik5000

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Category: Net Culture
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